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SE14 - Neurosciences in Space (09:00-17:00)

Cady Coleman inserting conductive gel to the EEG-capturing scalp of the Neurospat experiment. The Neurospat is a study of spatial cognition, novelty processing and sensorimotor integration, composed of two principal experimental tasks: visual orientation and visuomotor tracking, plus additional, standardized electroencephalogram (EEG) tasks performed as a means of assessing general effects of the space station environment on EEG signals. ©ESA/NASA

Start

July 8, 2022 - 9:00 am

End

July 8, 2022 - 5:00 pm

Address

Campus Saint Germain University of Paris, Paris   View map

This satellite meeting is dedicated to neuroscience experiments conducted in collaboration with space agencies to follow astronauts brain health and mental performance. Space flight creates particular living conditions that cause isolation, a drastic reduction of physical activity, an important exposure to radiation and a long-lasting reduction of gravity. The combination of these environmental alterations induces the so-called “space fog”, i.e the perturbation of the astronauts’ capacities to accurately perceive its environment and efficiently interact with it. Many experiments concerning proprioception, sensory, motor and cognitive functions are carried out by astronauts during their flights to evaluate the effects on the brain of this challenging environment. In addition to spaceflights, studies conducted during parabolic flights, bed-rest and dry immersion will be reported to explore the link between gravity sensing and brain functions, but also the effects of social isolation and sedentariness. We will finally discuss how animal experiments allow understanding the cellular and molecular basis of brain adaptation to real or simulated space-flight conditions.

Registration Link Here
There will be a live streaming of the event; you can join virtually “amphitheatre Polonovski” here: https://direct.u-paris.fr/lives

Organizers

• Mathieu Beraneck & Michele Taglabue (INCC – UMR 8002 CNRS – Université Paris Cité)
• Lionel Bringoux (ISM – UMR 7287 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université)
• Jean-Luc Morel, Etienne Guillaud, Didier Le Ray (INCIA – UMR 5287 CNRS – Université de Bordeaux)
• Pierre Denise & Gilles Clément (COMETE – UMRS1075 Inserm – Université de Caen Normandie).

Program

09h Welcome.

09h15-9h25 Introduction by Mathieu Beraneck.

09h30-10h30 Plenary lecture by Gilles Clément; chairman Pierre Denise

10h30-12h Session1 Sensory-motor functions; chairman Michele Tagliabue
Joe McIntyre: the role of gravity in eye-hand coordination
Lionel Bringoux: Initial state estimates of gravity-related force field shape motor control of goal-directed movements
Philippe Lefèvre: Dexterous Manipulation in Microgravity (GRIP project)
Ana Maria Cebolla Alvarez: EEG brain oscillations during a free-floating visuo-motor task in weightlessness

12h00-13h15 Lunch

13h15-15h Session 2 Structural and cognitive plasticity; chairman Lionel Bringoux
Heather McGregor: Impacts of Spaceflight Experience on Human Brain Structure
Alexander Stahn: Hippocampal plasticity in response to spaceflight; the effects of isolation, confinement, and inactivity
Raffaella Ricci: Effects of microgravity on cognitive functions during parabolic flights
Pierre Denise: Intracranial pressure during hypoxic static hand grip exercise in the 6°head down tilt
Floris Wuyts: Perivascular spaces are differently affected by microgravity in NASA astronauts than in Roscosmos cosmonauts. A solution for SANS?

15h-15h30 Coffee break

15h30-17h Session 3 Cellular and Molecular basis of brain adaptation; chairman Didier Le Ray
Jérôme Carriot: Neural adaptation to a new sensory environment
Isabelle Mackrous: Neural evidence of an internal model of gravity
Alexandra Gros: alteration of adult neurogenesis in hindlimb suspended rats. Effect of exercise countermeasure
Philippe De Deurwaerdère: alteration of adult neurogenesis in hindlimb suspended rats. Effect of exercise countermeasure.

16h30-17h00 Panel discussion: Spationauts engaged in neuroscience experiments Chairwoman Alexandra Gros, Guillemette Gauquelin-Koch, Jean-Luc Morel

SpeakerSpeaker affiliationTitle of presentation
Bringoux LionelISM - UMR 7287 CNRS - Aix Marseille UniversitéInitial state estimates of gravity-related force field shape motor control of goal-directed movements
Carriot JérômeMcGill UniversityNeural adaptation to a new sensory environment
Cebolla Alvarez Ana MariaUniversité Libre de Bruxelles EEG brain oscillations during a visuo-motor task in free-floating in weightlessness
Clément GillesCOMETE - UMRS1075 Inserm - Université de Caen NormandieNeuroscience experiments on board the International Space Station
De Deurwaerdère PhilippeINCIA - UMR 5287 CNRS - Université de BordeauxSimulated microgravity subtly changes Monoamine Function across the Rat Brain
Denise PierreCOMETE - UMRS1075 Inserm - Université de Caen NormandieIntracranial pressure during parabolic flight, dry immersion and head down tilt bed rest
Gros AlexandraCNES, Université de BordeauxAlteration of adult neurogenesis in hindlimb suspended rats. Effect of exercise countermeasure.
Joe McIntyreINCC - UMR 8002 CNRS - Université Paris Cité; Ikerbasque Science Fondation ; Tecnalia The role of gravity in eye-hand coordination
Lefevre PhilipeUniversité Catholique de LouvainDexterous Manipulation in Microgravity (GRIP project)
Mackrous IsabelleMcGill universityNeural evidence of an internal model of gravity
McGregor HeatherUniversity of FloridaImpacts of Spaceflight Experience on Human Brain Structure
Ricci RaffaellaUniversità degli Studi di TorinoEffects of microgravity on cognitive functions during parabolic flights
Stahn AlexanderUniversity of PennsylvaniaHippocampal plasticity in response to spaceflight; the effects of isolation, confinement, and inactivity
Wuyts FlorisEuropean Institute for Otolaryngology HNS
St Augustinus Hospital – Wilrijk - Belgium
Perivascular spaces are differently affected by microgravity in NASA astronauts than in Roscosmos cosmonauts. A solution for SANS?

WARNING

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Registration to the Forum is possible only via the Forum website.

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